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  • 徐聪聪,焦亚飞,刘凯,巫立民,梁刚,李丽婷.某柴油机曲轴单拐疲劳试验件断裂失效分析[J].柴油机,2019,41(5):43-46.    [点击复制]
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某柴油机曲轴单拐疲劳试验件断裂失效分析
徐聪聪,焦亚飞,刘凯,巫立民,梁刚,李丽婷
0
七一一研究所,上海 201108
摘要:
针对某柴油机曲轴单拐平台弯曲疲劳试验中,曲轴圆角处发生非正常断裂现象,建立曲轴疲劳破坏故障树,从试验载荷过大、曲轴本体结构设计强度不足、曲轴制造缺陷等方面进行排查。最终确定导致曲轴单拐圆角失效的主要原因为圆角表面存在氧化腐蚀坑。分析结果为曲轴设计、生产过程控制及后续质量验收提供了重要依据。
关键词:  曲轴;疲劳试验;断裂;氧化腐蚀
Fracture Failure Analysis of Single-Throw CrankshaftFatigue Test Piece for a Diesel Engine
Xu Congcong,Jiao Yafei,Liu Kai,Wu Limin,Liang Gang,Li Liting
Shanghai Marine Diesel Engine Research Institute,Shanghai 201108
Abstract:
During the bending fatigue bench test of a diesel engine single-throw crankshaft, abnormal fracture occurred at the corner of the crankshaft. A fault tree for fatigue failure of crankshaft was established. The main reasons are investigated from the aspects of excessive test load, insufficient strength of crankshaft structure and defects of crankshaft manufacturing. And the main reason for the failure at the corner of the single-throw turned out to be oxidative corrosion pits on the surface of the corner. The research provides good reference to the design, manufacturing, and quality acceptance of crankshafts.
Key words:  crankshaft; fatigue test; fracture; oxidative corrosion